Tag Archive | diet

Alopecia Areata – So called Puzhuvettu in Tamil

Alopecia Areata (AA):

alopecia_areata

Alopecia is the medical term for baldness.

Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when the human immune system will falsely identify the hair matrix as a foreign body and destroys it, leading to patchy hair loss in the region of attack. The damage to the follicle is usually not permanent. It is an autoimmune disease; that is, the person’s immune system attacks their own body. In this case, their hair follicles. T cell lymphocytes cluster around affected follicles, causing inflammation and subsequent hair loss. The extent of the hair loss varies; in some, it is only in a few spots and in others, the hair loss can be greater.

alopecia-areata

It is believed that the person’s genetic make up may trigger the autoimmune reaction of alopecia areata, along with other unknown triggers.

What happens in alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata usually begins when clumps of hair fall out, resulting in totally smooth, round hairless patches on the scalp. In some cases the hair may become thinner without noticeable patches of baldness, or it may grow and break off, leaving short stubs (called “exclamation point” hair). In rare cases, complete loss of scalp hair and body hair occurs. The hair loss often comes and goes—hair will grow back over several months in one area but will fall out in another area.

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Symptoms of AA:

Typical first symptoms of AA are small bald patches. The underlying skin is unscarred and looks superficially normal. These patches can take many shapes, but are most usually round or oval. AA most often affects the scalp and beard, but may occur on any hair-bearing part of the body.7d1f1d71-84a9-4a9d-9b29-55444cd77d85 alopecia-areata_691950574e5e8c1c6a22b

Classification:

Commonly, alopecia areata involves hair loss in one or more round spots on the scalp.

  • Hair may also be lost more diffusely over the whole scalp, in which case the condition is called diffuse alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia areata monolocularis describes baldness in only one spot. It may occur anywhere on the head.
  • Alopecia areata multilocularis refers to multiple areas of hair loss.
  • Ophiasis refers to hair loss in the shape of a wave at the circumference of the head.
  • The disease may be limited only to the beard, in which case it is called alopecia areata barbaealopecia_areata1_beard
  • If the patient loses all the hair on the scalp, the disease is then called alopecia totalis.
  • If all body hair, including pubic hair, is lost, the diagnosis then becomes alopecia universalis.

Alopecia areata totalis and universalis are rare.

230px-AlopeciaTotalis

 

How is alopecia areata diagnosed?

Alopecia areata is diagnosed through a medical history and physical examination. The doctor will ask questions about the hair loss, look at the pattern of hair loss, and examine the scalp. And he or she may tug gently on a few hairs or pull some out.

If the reason for your hair loss is not clear, the doctor may do tests to check for a disease that could be causing the hair loss. Tests include:

  • Hair analysis. Your doctor will take a sample of your hair and examine it under a microscope. A scalp sample is also sometimes taken.
  • Blood tests, including testing for a specific condition, such as an overactive or underactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism).

Prone to Alopecia Areata?

Anyone can develop alopecia areata; however, chances of having alopecia areata are slightly greater if you have family history with the disease. In addition, alopecia areata occurs more often among people who have family members with other autoimmune disorders such as diabetes, lupus, or thyroid disease.

How stress triggers Alopecia Areata???

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Tips for Alopecia Areata:

Cosmetic and protective techniques that people with alopecia areata can try include:

  • Using makeup to hide or minimize hair loss
  • Wearing coverings (wigs, hats, or scarves) to protect the head from the elements
  • Reducing stress. Many people with new-onset alopecia areata have had recent stresses in life, such as work, family, deaths, surgeries, accidents, etc. However, this has not been proven scientifically as a cause of alopecia areata.

Alopecia areata does not affect you as another condition might: it is not painful, it does not make you feel sick, and it does not result in serious health problems. You cannot spread it to other people, and it should not interfere with school, work, or recreation.

But if hair loss is making to feel unattractive, it is important to talk to someone about it.

Alopecia areata cannot be totally cured; however, it can be treated and hair can grow back. While the disease is not medically serious, it can impact people psychologically. Support groups are available to help people with alopecia areata deal with the psychological effects of the condition.

Alopecia can certainly be the cause of psychological stress. Because hair loss can lead to significant appearance changes, individuals may experience social phobia, anxiety, and depression.

Management for Alopecia Areata:

  1. 3o min Yoga and meditative techniques to regulate the homeostasis of the body and relax the mind
  2. Skin, hair and nails are chemically related. Basic requirements for the health of these structures include adequate intakes of nutrients such as protein, essential fatty acids, minerals and vitamins.
  3. The following are some general recommendations for improving the health of the hair:
    • Biotin is an essential vitamin which has been found in clinical trials to strengthen soft brittle nails and reduce breaking and splitting after 12 weeks.
    • Silica is concentrated in the nails, hair and skin and contributes to collagen formation to help it to strengthen.
    • Improve Kidney function, thereby improve circulation and energy to the hair shaft to stimulate growth.
    • A multivitamin supplement may be of assistance to ensure that you are consuming adequate amounts of nutrients needed to build new hair and strengthen the quality of the hair.
    • Zinc helps maintain the structural integrity of the nails, hair and skin and is important for a healthy immune system.
    • Emu oil can be used topically on the scalp to reduce the resting phase (dormancy) of the hair follicles
    • Vitamin C is important in the production of collagen and for a healthy immune system.
    • Folic acid, iron, manganese, Silica, beta-carotene and vitamin B5 all assist with metabolism of nutrients important for nails, hair and skin.
    • The herb Ginkgo may help to stimulate circulation to the hair shaft.
    • Many women have used the herb Saw Palmetto successfully in alopecia as it addresses hormonal imbalances, other herbs which may be of benefit are Dong Quai, Vitex and Paeonia
    • Protein is an important food group which contributes to the overall health and quality of the hair.
    • For healthy hair and scalp choose a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables, especially leafy green vegetables, and suggest you eat some good protein sources everyday.  It is important to have a balanced diet to ensure your hair receives sufficient nutrients to stay strong and healthy.
    • It is also recommend to use gentle hair products that protect the hair shaft and keep it supple.  It is recommended that you avoid shampoos, conditioners and hair products which use Sodium Lauryl Sulphate.

 

 

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Androgenetic Alopecia – Common Problem

ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA (AGA)

baldness

DEFINITION:

–  Loss of hair in male and female in a particular pattern because of male hormone leading to baldness is known as AndroGenetic alopecia.

–   Semi – permanent type of hair loss

  • Confined to particular area or pattern
  • Forms different patterns in male and female

ORIGIN:

ANDRO – MALE ; GENETIC – GENE

ANDROGEN – MALE HORMONE; ETIC – BECAUSE OF

CAUSES OF ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA

      1. Genetic predisposition
      2. Male Sex hormone Testosterone

AGA – CAUSES

  • Genetic predisposition  –  Because of a genetic marker in chromosome 20 P11.
  • Male Sex Hormone  2 molecules of free testosterone react to form Dihydro testosterone in the presence of 5 alpha reductase. DHT shrinks the follicles, making them inactive. This process is called miniaturization of follicles.

REASONS FOR EXCESS TESTOSTERONE PRODUCTION hair loss

  • Oxidative stress
  • Excess carbohydrate consumption
  • Estrogen insufficiency in female
  • Hypothyroid in female
  • Menopause
  • Steroidal injections

Male Pattern Baldness:

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Female Patter Baldness:

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DIETARY CORRECTIONS:  no smoke

  • Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables.
  • Limited consumption of processed foods.
  • Limited consumption of high calorie foods
  • Adequate consumption of protein rich foods
  • Adequate consumption of water

LIFESTYLE ADJUSTMENTS:  

  • Avoid smoking, drinks, tobacco and drugs.
  • Limit the consumption of coffee, tea and aerated drinks.
  • Consumption of food at proper time intervals.
  • Going to bed by 10 PM.
  • Adequate sleep to an average extent of 8 hours a day.
  • Aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes in a day

 

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For further remedies – e – mail @ swastikanature@gmail.com

First Aid Through Naturopathy for Low Back Pain

 

lower-back-painBACK PAIN

LOW BACK PAIN????

Low back pain or lumbago is a common disorder involving the muscles and bones of the back. It affects about 40% of people at some point in their lives.

 

Low back pain usually classified by duration as

  • acute (pain lasting less than 6 weeks),
  • sub-chronic (6 to 12 weeks), or
  • chronic (more than 12 weeks).

The condition may be further classified by the underlying cause as either mechanical, non-mechanical, or referred pain.

low-back-pain-ss-promo

 

Functions of the low back, or lumbar area, include structural support, movement, and protection of certain body tissues.

posture12

Pain in the low back can be a result of conditions affecting the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.

Signs and symptoms

In the common presentation of acute low back pain,

  • pain develops after movements that involve lifting, twisting, or forward-bending. The symptoms may start soon after the movements or upon waking up the following morning.
  • The description of the symptoms may range from tenderness at a particular point to diffuse pain.
  • It may or may not worsen with certain movements, such as raising a leg, or positions, such as sitting or standing.
  • Pain radiating down the legs (known as sciatica) may be present.
  • The first experience of acute low back pain is typically between the ages of 20 and 40. This is often a person’s first reason to see a medical professional as an adult.
  • Recurrent episodes occur in more than half of people with the repeated episodes being generally more painful than the first.

Other problems may occur along with low back pain. Chronic low back pain is associated with sleep problems, including a greater amount of time needed to fall asleep, disturbances during sleep, a shorter duration of sleep, and less satisfaction with sleep. In addition, a majority of those with chronic low back pain show symptoms of anxiety or depression.

Low back pain is not a specific disease but rather a complaint that may be caused by a large number of underlying problems of varying levels of seriousness. The majority of LBP does not have a clear cause but is believed to be the result of non-serious muscle or skeletal issues such as sprains or strains.

Obesity, smoking, weight gain during pregnancy, stress, poor physical condition, poor posture and poor sleeping position also contribute to low back pain. A full list of possible causes includes many less common conditions.

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Physical causes may include osteoarthritis, degeneration of the discs between the vertebrae or a spinal disc herniation, broken vertebra(e) (such as from osteoporosis) or, rarely, an infection or tumor of the spine.

Women may have acute low back pain from medical conditions affecting the female reproductive system, including endometriosis, ovarian cysts, ovarian cancer, or uterine fibroids. Nearly half of all pregnant women report pain in the lower back or sacral area during pregnancy, due to changes in their posture and center of gravity causing muscle and ligament strain.

Treatment of low back pain is optimally directed toward a diagnosed or suspected specific cause. For acute lumbar strain, use of a home remedy initially can be beneficial.

First aid Through NATUROPATHY AND YOGA:

Heat-On-Your-Back

Hydrotherapy:

  • Hot bag to Low Back – muscular pain/ strain
  • Revulsive Compress to the area – Hot bag for 3 min, Ice bag for 1 min – repeated for 4 to 5 times – muscular pain/ strain
  • Warm jeera water – if pain is due to gas accumulation
  • Warm water drinking – if pain is due to gas accumulation
  • Buttermilk with hing – if pain is due to gas accumulation
  • Hot water with hing – if pain is due to gas accumulation

Acupressure:

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Yoga Therapy:

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Postural Modifications:

 

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Diet:

Carrot Juice – 250 ml

Carrot, Tomato and Red apple Juice – 250 ml

Lemon Honey Juice – 250 ml

Note:

For further Treatments, Diet and Yoga Therapy – mail @ swastikanature@gmail.com