Dysmenorrhea or painful periods is a medical condition of pain during menstruation that interferes with daily activities. Menstrual pain is often used synonymously with menstrual cramps, but the latter may also refer to menstrual uterine contractions, which are generally of higher strength, duration and frequency than in the rest of the menstrual cycle. Dysmenorrhea can feature different kinds of pain, including sharp, throbbing, dull, nauseating, burning, or shooting pain. Dysmenorrhea may precede menstruation by several days or may accompany it, and it usually subsides as menstruation tapers off. Dysmenorrhea may coexist with excessively heavy blood loss.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed when symptoms are attributable to an underlying disease, disorder, or structural abnormality either within or outside the uterus. Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed when none of these are detected.
The main symptom of primary dysmenorrhea is pain concentrated in the lower abdomen, in the umbilical region or the supra pubic region of the abdomen. It is also commonly felt in the right or left abdomen. It may radiate to the thighs and lower back.
Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea:
Symptoms often co-occurring with menstrual pain include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, headache, dizziness, disorientation, hypersensitivity to sound, light, smell and touch, fainting, irritation and fatigue. Symptoms of dysmenorrhea often begin immediately following ovulation and can last until the end of menstruation. This is because dysmenorrhea is often associated with changes in hormonal levels in the body that occur with ovulation.
Causes of Dysmenorrhea:
The main causes of Dysmenorrhea for females are Distress and Wrong Lifestyle Adaptation like Wrong food habits, Improper sleeping time.
Primary Dysmenorrhea – First Aid Through Naturopathy:
- Hot bag to low back, lower abdomen, inner thigh or calf muscles wherever painful
- Warm Jeera water or Dhania water or Methi water (250 ml)
- Buttermilk with Hing if any discomfort or blotting of abdomen
- Cold leg pack for 40 min,
- Warm water drinking throughout the day (2 1/2 to 3 litres)
- Cold Foot Bath for 10 to 20 min if excessive bleeding
- Acupressure on P6
- Palm and Foot points Acupressure
- Enough rest and proper sleep
- Avoid coffee and caffeine substances
- Avoid spicy, oily diet – preferred to take only bland diet
- Lie down on either sides during pain than sleeping straight
- Avoid Stress and Strain and Be relaxed throughout
Similar application as Pic 2 to other painful areas.
Other respective treatments according to the existing symptoms.
Preventive measures to avoid Dysmenorrhea:
Adaptation of simple lifestyle with right time food habits having bland diet, adequate sleep, simple breathing practices and Yoga techniques and Distress free routine.