Vomiting is the forcible voluntary or involuntary emptying of stomach contents through the mouth.
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often comes before vomiting.
Causes of Nausea or Vomiting:
Causes of vomiting differ according to age. For children, it is common for vomiting to occur from a viral infection, food poisoning, milk allergy, motion sickness, overeating or feeding, coughing, or blocked intestines and illnesses in which the child has a high fever.
Nausea and vomiting are not diseases. They are symptoms of conditions like
- Motion sickness or seasickness
- Medication induced vomiting
- Intense pain
- Emotional stress
- Food Poisoning
- Reaction to certain smells or odors
- Gastric and deoudenal ulcers
- Other psychological illnesses
- Gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying
- Ingestion of toxins or excessive alcohol
Nature of Vomiting:
The timing of the nausea or vomiting can indicate the cause. When appearing shortly after a meal, nausea or vomiting may be caused by food poisoning, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining), an ulcer, or bulimia. Nausea or vomiting one to eight hours after a meal may also indicate food poisoning. However, certain food borne bacteria can take longer to produce symptoms.
Vomiting is actually harmless, but it can be a sign of serious illness. Vomiting also causes dehydration. Adults have a lower risk of becoming dehydrated because they can usually detect the symptoms of dehydration (such as increased thirst and dry lips or mouth). Rarely, excessive vomiting can tear the lining of the esophagus, also known as a Mallory-Weiss tear. If esophagus ruptures, it is called Boerhaave’s syndrome and it is a medical emergency.
First Aid Through Naturopathy for Nausea and Vomiting:
- Acupressure on P6 (Neiguan) [1st 3 fingers from the distal wrist crease]
- Ice water sipping
- Cold honey water
- Nausea or Vomiting due to Indigestion / constipation – vyagra dhouti (vomiting after food)
- Ice bag on Epi – Gastric region,
- Cold Compress on Abdomen for 20 min / Cold Abdomen Pack till it subsides